KAILUA-KONA, Hawaii — Environmental groups are warning about the possible harmful effects of certain types of sunscreen on coral reefs ahead of Hawaii’s Ironman competition, which is expected to bring athletes and spectators from all over the world to the Big Island.

The findings of an October 2015 study by marine scientists identified oxybenzone, a chemical found in more than 3,500 sunscreen products, as a potential threat to coral reefs. Scientists determined the chemical induces coral bleaching and damages coral DNA, West Hawaii Today reported (http://bit.ly/2cJNnXw).

Several environmental groups have drafted a letter to spread the word ahead of next month’s Ironman competition. The event occurs during a crucial coral larval settlement period that occurs after spawning events in late summer.

“It’s all about awareness,” said Megan Lamson, vice president of the Hawaii Wildlife Fund and a co-author of the letter. “It’s newer news, and people aren’t necessarily aware of it.”

Bruce Anderson, the state Division of Aquatic Resources administrator, said earlier this month that as much as 50 percent of west Hawaii’s corals had bleached and died. The coral bleaching was brought on by several factors, but pollution from sunscreen has been identified as a major contributor.

“(Sunscreen pollution) is really very preventable, so it’s something we can stop very easily just by a quick change in behavior,” Lamson said.

State Sen. Will Espero, of Oahu, said he plans to introduce legislation banning the sale of sunscreens containing oxybenzone throughout the state.

“We can control chemicals in the water and those sold here that are harmful to our marine life,” Espero said. “What is important is there are alternatives on the market to the sunscreens with oxybenzone, so we’re not going to be putting anyone out of business per se. If we do a total ban, there will be a new opportunity for anybody selling sunscreen or anybody who wants to make it.”

Diana Bertsch, vice president of world championship events for Ironman, said the organization is also working to spread awareness about the matter. Many community members voiced concerns about sunscreen’s harmful impacts on coral reef following last year’s Ironman race, prompting the organization to address the issue ahead of the Honu Ironman 70.3 Hawaii event earlier this year.

The same awareness procedures have been implemented prior to next month’s race.

“We send out a newsletter called IRONStuff, and there is actually a one-page flyer we include in it about protecting the coral reefs and using reef-safe sunscreen,” Bertsch said.

Information from: West Hawaii Today, http://www.westhawaiitoday.com